The Right to Freedom of Opinion and Expression


Relevant human rights treaties

  • Article 9 African Charter on Human Peoples’ Rights
  • Articles 13 and 14 American Convention on Human Rights
  • Article 10 European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
  • Article 19 and 20 International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
  • Article 13 Convention on the Rights of the Child

Other relevant instruments and documents

  • Article 19 Universal Declaration on Human Rights
  • Article 4 American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man
  • Article 22 Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam
  • General Comment 10, adopted by the Human Rights Committee, Nineteenth session, 1983
  • Resolution on Journalistic Freedoms and Human Rights, adopted at the Fourth European Ministerial Conference on Mass Media Policy, Prague, 8 December 1994
  • Resolution on the Confidentiality of Journalists’ Sources, adopted by the European Parliament, 18 January 1994
  • Inter-American Declaration of Principles on Freedom of Expression, adopted by the Inter-American Commission of Human Rights, 108th regular session, 19 October 2000
  • Declaration of Principles on Freedom of Expression in Africa adopted by the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights, 32nd session, 17-23 October 2002
  • Document of the Copenhagen Meeting of the Conference on the Human Dimension of the CSCE, adopted by the representatives of the participating states of the Conference on Security and Co-operation in Europe, 29 June 1990
  • Declaration on Freedom of Communication on the Internet
  • Recommendation on Freedom of the Media and the Internet

Icelandic Human Rights Centre

Túngata 14 | 101 Reykjavík | Sími 552 2720 | info[at]

The office is open from 9-12 and 13-16